Research project: The Europeanization of Electoral Politics (Daniele Caramani)

This project analyses the integration of European electorates and party systems, and the formation of a supra-national cleavage constellation in the European Union. It is an empirical research on the “Europeanization” of electorates and party systems convergence: (1) the homogeneity of voting behaviour, (2) the similarity and simultaneity of common changes (uniform swings), (3) the degree of distinctiveness of the EU party system with respect to national party systems and their alignments, (4) the ideological integration among parties of the same family in Europe, (5) the convergence of cabinet compositions and programmes. The research covers 30 countries since the first democratic elections in the 19th century or early 20th century. The project is based on three types of data: (1) national and EP data, (2) survey data, (3) party manifestos and (4) cabinet data, and uses a variety of methods from econometrics to QCA.


  • Swiss National Science Foundation and NCCR.


  • Caramani, Daniele (2015). The Europeanization of Politics: The Formation of a European Electorate and Party System in Historical Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Caramani, Daniele (2015). From Nationalization to Europeanization. Paper presented at the Midwest Political Science Association (Chicago).
  • Caramani, Daniele (2012). The Europeanization of Electoral Politics: An Analysis of Converging Voting Distributions in 30 European Party Systems, 1970–2008. Party Politics 18(6): 803–23.
  • Camia, Valeria and Daniele Caramani (2011). Family Meetings: Ideological Convergence Within Party Families Across Europe, 1945–2009. Comparative European Politics 10(1): 48–85
  • Caramani, Daniele (2011). Electoral Waves: An Analysis of Trends, Spread and Swings Across 20 West European Countries 1970–2008. Representation 47(2): 137–60.
  • Caramani, Daniele (2006). Is There a European Electorate and What Does It Look Like? Evidence from Electoral Volatility Measures, 1976–2004. West European Politics 29(1): 1–27.