Research project: Inclusion and Transnational Voting Rights (Daniele Caramani and Florian Grotz)

Collaboration with Florian Grotz of the Leuphana University, Lüneburg. Due to the ongoing processes of globalization and supranational integration, traditional core elements of democratic suffrage have been “on the move” in the recent past. More specifically, many countries have enfranchised resident aliens and/or non-resident citizens, thus abolishing citizenship and residency as necessary requirements for the individual right to vote in democratic nation-states. Although this kind of suffrage extension has been a transnational tendency since quite a while there is considerable variation in its timing, scope and levels of application (national – regional – local). Furthermore, the political consequences of resident aliens and non-resident citizens participating in general elections obviously differ from country to country. The project aims at investigating empirically the cross-country differences and estimating the impact of different provisions for immigrants' and expatriates' voting rights on the quality of representation.


  • Organization of workshop on "Political Rights in the Age of Globalization", September 18.19, University of St. Gallen.


  • Global Democratic Governance research area.


  • Caramani, D. and F. Grotz (2015). Political Rights in the Age of Globalization, special issue of Democratization, 22 (5).
  • Caramani, D. and O. Strijbis (2012). Discrepant Electorates: The Inclusiveness of Electorates and Its Impact on the Representation of Citizens. Parliamentary Affairs 65(1): 1–21.