Elections in Western Europe since 1815 (Daniele Caramani)

This standardised collection of general election results at the level of single constituencies for 18 Western European countries since the nineteenth century, accompanied by a thorough documentation. The handbook is divided into three parts. In Part I (Elections in Comparison) three historical/comparative chapters describe the mechanics of electoral laws, the institutional development of elections, and the territorial structuring of the vote in Europe. In Part II (Country Chapters) the 18 chapters present the development of the electoral law since 1815. Systematic synopses include information on the dates and types of elections, the evolution of political parties and party systems, the possibilies of aggregating election results to match administrative/socio-economic data, and the constituencies. Tables present results of general elections by constituencies. Part III (Appendices) includes the guidelines for the use of the data on CD-ROM, a comment of the evolution of election statistics since the nineteenth century as well as electronic data archives. The CD-ROM presents the collection of results made machine readable according to standard rules across countries and time periods. It provides an important source of data for secondary analyses. For each country results are presented in absolute figures and percentage distribution by parties and constituencies. Information is available in different programmes (Excel, SPSS, and SAS) and structures for analysing data, viewing election results, and building time series. Collaboration with MZES, University of Mannheim. Data collection for The Nationalisation of Politics made available to the scientific community. Completion: 1999.


  • Caramani, D. (2000) (re-printed with new cover 2004). Elections in Western Europe since 1815: Electoral Results by Constituencies [Supplemented with CD-ROM]. London-New York: Palgrave, xxiv–1090 pp.
  • Caramani, D. (1996). The “Project on Comparative European Electoral History: 1830-1995:” A Computerised Data Handbook. Swiss Political Science Review 2(1): 141–150.
  • Caramani, D. (1996). The “Project on Comparative European Electoral History: 1830-1995”. A Computerised Data Handbook, pp. 15–18. Eurodata Newsletters (EURODATA Research Archive of the Mannheim Centre of European Social Research) 4(Autumn).
  • Caramani, D. (2000). Elections in Western Europe since 1815. EUI Review Spring: 17–18.